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About Croatia

Territory - 56,510 sq km (21,819 sq mi).

Population - The total population of Croatia at the time of the 1991 census was 4,784,265; a 2004 estimate was 4,435,960

Language - Croatian
Capital - Zagreb

Alphabet - Latin

Religion - In Croatia, the Roman Catholic Church enjoys strong state support. Other religions are freely practiced, including Orthodox Christianity, Islam, and Judaism

Government - Democratic coalition government

Climate - Mildly cold short winters, long hot summers, mild autumn and spring

Neighbours - Croatia is bounded on the north by Slovenia and Hungary, on the east and south by Bosnia and Herzegovina (often referred to simply as Bosnia), and on the east by Serbia, a constituent republic of Serbia and Montenegro (formerly the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, or FRY). In the south, a 20 km (12 mi) wide section of Bosnia extends to the sea, separating a narrow coastal strip of Croatia from the rest of the country. The southern tip of this coastal strip has a short border with Montenegro, the other constituent republic Serbia and Montenegro. The Adriatic Sea forms Croatia’s long western boundary

Main Rivers - Sava, Drava, Danube, and Kupa

Main Mountains - Time - GMT +1 hours

Official Holidays: Public holidays in 2004:
New Year's Day, January 1st
Epiphany - the Coming of the Kings, January 6th

Easter, April 11th
Easter Monday, April 12th
Labor Day, May 1st
Antifascism Day, June 22nd
National holiday, June 25th
National Thanksgiving Day, August 5th
Our Lady of Assumption, August 15th
Independence Day, October 8th
All Saint's Day, November 1st
Christmas, December 25th, 26th

Checkpoints:

Sea Ports - Rijeka, Split, Zadar, Sibenik, Ploce, Pula, Dubrovnik (total of about 18,000 m of operative wharfs with the pertaining surface of about 700 ha).
Croatia has the total of 156 passengers liners with the capacity of 20,800 passengers and 216 cargo carriers of 122,272 km3 capacity.


Airports: Airports:
Zagreb and Split (primary)
Dubrovnik, Zadar, Rijeka (Krk), Pula and Osijek (secondary)
Brac, Losinj, Vrsar and Zagreb-Lucko (tertiary)

Over 70 non-categorised runways (sports airports, runways for agricultural aviation, landing pads for the needs of tourism and

Roads - Right hand drive; speed limits:
residential areas - 60 km/h
country roads - 90 km/h
motorways - 130km/h

Electricity - 220 V, 50 Hz

Getting there by air: 3 hours from London by car: E80

Tourism
Skiing in the mountains, summer resorts in the mountains and on the Black sea.

History:

The earliest known inhabitants of what is now Croatia were Illyrians, who were conquered by the Romans by ad 10. Their land, Illyricum, became the Roman provinces of

Pannonia and Dalmatia. Social Services .As Roman power declined, repeated invasions and widespread destruction by mostly Germanic tribes culminated in the 6th century in conquest by the Avars, a nomadic people of Mongolian and Turkic origin. Slavic tribes, who probably came with the Avars or were simply swept along from their original homeland (most likely the area of present-day Poland, Ukraine, and Belarus), settled over most of central and southeastern Europe. In Pannonia and Dalmatia they came to be called Croats (Hrvati), a name of disputed origin.
By the reign of King Tomislav (910-929?), Croatia had become an independent kingdom. At the end of the 8th century the armies of Frankish emperor Charlemagne destroyed the Avars. Croat and other Slavic tribal federations then established a number of small states between the Roman Catholic Frankish Empire on the west and the Orthodox Christian Byzantine Empire on the east. Most of the Slavic states frequently were dominated by one or the other empire. Those that were closer to the Frankish Empire, such as the Croats, became Roman Catholics; those closer to the Byzantine Empire became Eastern Orthodox Christians. The religious difference has been a major part of confrontations between Croats and Serbs ever since. By the reign of King Tomislav (910-929?), Croatia had become an independent kingdom and had expanded in area to include both Pannonia and Dalmatia, and sometimes Bosnia
. culture: . The nuclear family, a household consisting of two adults and their children, is standard in Croatia. Croatian women enjoy a more equal status with men in comparison to women in some other Yugoslav republics. Inner-city housing consists of old stone buildings in the Central European style, while small, family-unit housing and high-rise apartment buildings predominate in the city outskirts. Traditional rural housing includes one- or two-story wooden houses, small cabins, and whitewashed stone houses. Since World War II most rural houses have been built with concrete. Croatian cuisine reflects Austrian and Hungarian influences, but has its own character. Local specialties include fried cheese, chicken á la Backa (prepared with tomatoes, paprika, and onions).

While the population is increasingly homogenous ethnically, regional identities remain important, especially in the coastal Dalmatian region. Croatian folk songs display regional variations. Along the Dalmatian coast, for example, folk songs closely resemble their Italian counterparts. Elsewhere indigenous Slavic or Hungarian influences predominate. Many in Croatia enjoy jazz festivals and classical music. Sports are popular and Croatian soccer and basketball teams rank highly internationally
Iternational organisations
BIS, CE, CEI, EAPC, EBRD, FAO, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICCt, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO, ITU, MINURSO, NAM (observer), OAS (observer), OPCW, OSCE, PCA, PFP, UN, UNAMSIL, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNMEE, UNMIL, UNMISET, UNMOGIP, UPU, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTO.

Agriculture:
wheat, corn, sugar beets, sunflower seed, barley, alfalfa, clover, olives, citrus, grapes, soybeans, potatoes; livestock, dairy products.

Cuisine:
Rich in southern vegetables such as peppers, tomatoes, aubergines and courgettes. Beans is staple food, fruit such as apples, grapes, strawberries, raspberries, peaches, pears is abundant. Dishes are often baked on a slow oven and seasoned heavily with herbs and spices. Meals are often a social event, on such occasions always accompanied by excellent wine. People of this country are acquainted with red wine.

 
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